Since the earliest days of the White Stripes, Jack White's guitar gear has centred around old mail-order department store guitars and amps, and very few - but tonally very effective - pedals.
By the time of the White Stripes' fourth album, Elephant in 2003, Jack White was set on returning to what he knew best - analogue recording techniques and the guitar gear to match. The entire album was recorded at Toe Rag Studios in London, a studio which prides itself on vintage equipment. In fact, the most modern piece of kit in the studio dates to 1963!
Toe Rag Studios, London
Jack White's Guitars
Jack White's main guitar in his White Stripes days was his red 1964 Valco Airline, unofficially known as the "JB Hutto" model after the blues musician who used one, and originally sold at the Montgomery Ward chain of department stores in the US in the 1960s. The body is a fiberglass construction ("Res-O-Glas") with two single-coil pickups.
White also used a Kay hollowbody from the 1950s - perhaps most noticeably on Seven Nation Army, where he not only uses it to play the main riff but also the "bass" part (actually downtuned using his Digitech Whammy) and a screaming slide overdub dosed with his fuzz of choice, the Electro Harmonix Big Muff Pi. The Kay has just one pickup, a single-coil in the neck position.
Jack White's Amps
Jack's Silvertone amp, a 1960s department store find - this time from Sears - is preferred by the frontman for its thick crunch courtesy of the Jensen speakers. The Big Muff isn't always required thanks to the gain available from this amp.
A 1970s Fender Twin Reverb was also used when a spring reverb sound was required, as Jack didn't consider the Silvertone's reverb to be up to the job.
What Pedals Did Jack White Use On The White Stripes' "Elephant" Album?
Jack White is famous for his use of the Digitech Whammy, most obviously for the piercing solos which litter the Elephant album. While the solos using the Whammy are pitched an octave up, some songs also include octave-down parts where Jack has created faux bass lines, most recognisably in Seven Nation Army.
The Big Muff Pi is Jack's only other mainstay pedal used on Elephant (and through pretty much all of his White Stripes career). Placed after the Digitech Whammy, Jack turned the Treble up quite high and the Volume was usually maxed out. He initially used an early-2000s reissue of the pedal, but by the time of Elephant it is likely - according to several sources - that White was using an original from the 1970s.
Jack White's Guitar Gear:
1964 Valco Airline "JB Hutto"
1950s Kay Hollowbody
1970s Fender Twin Reverb
1960s Silvertone 1485 6x10 with Jensen C10Q ceramic speakers
Electro Harmonix Big Muff Pi
The White Stripes - Elephant: Get the sound
To replicate Jack's Elephant-era White Stripes tone, you'll need a single-coil guitar. You can buy modern-day reissues of the Airline, but the construction is quite a bit different - it will certainly get you the look though! A Danelectro with lipstick pickups would be a good bet, while a Strat- or Tele-style guitar will get you in the ballpark too.
The Fender Twin Reverb is a great pedal platform, while the Silvertone brings Marshall-style crunch, so an amp in either of these camps will be fine. Of course, if you have the budget then use both at once for the truest recreation of Jack White's Elephant sound!
Alternatively, you can now buy Jackson Audio's 1484 Twin Twelve Preamp pedal, developed in collaboration with Silvertone. It's a faithful recreation of the original schematic but replaces the valves for FET transistors. It's as valve-like as you'll get without using glass!
[product=jackson-audio-1484-twin-twelve-silvertone-preamp] The Jackson Audio 1484 Twin Twelve pedal has been designed in collaboration with Silvertone to accurately replicate the sound of the brand's Twin Twelve amplifier, which was built between 1963 and 1967. While Jackson Audio is best known for its range of digitally controlled effects, the 1484 Twin Twelve is a fully analogue part-for-part recreation of the 1960s Silvertone Twin Twelve, identified in the Sear's catalogue of the day as model "1484". The beauty of this preamp pedal is that Jackson Audio have taken the original blueprint for the amp and replaced its valves for JFETs, which are known for their valve-like response. This means the 1484 Twin Twelve pedal is as close to the original as it's possible to get without building a full valve head! [/product]
[product=greenhouse-effects-roots-fuzz] The Greenhouse Effects Roots Fuzz is a great-value dual-channel Muff-style fuzz, perfect for capturing Jack White's tone. The Red channel is more open sounding and smoother, with more headroom and a hint of upper octave at maximum gain, while the Blue channel is darker, denser and more compressed, with plenty of sustain and bloom. [/product]
[product=hungry-robot-the-monastery] The Hungry Robot Monastery is a polyphonic octave generator perfect for emulating the Digitech Whammy parts of Elephant. It can do simultaneous octave up and octave down too, which is great for filling out your sound as a White Stripes-style two-piece! [/product]
Je Ne Sais Quoi
Ultimately, to sound like Jack White you need to play like him too. Jack White's style is all about minimalist, single note riffing with a mixture of open, bar and power chords. His playing is mostly restricted to the lower frets, using the Digitech Whammy for higher-octave stuff such as his solos. This gives Elephant a unique sound that is at once harmonically rich and thick, yet light on its feet and fluid.
Queen's second album, Queen II, was released in 1974. On it, you can hear Brian May's unique guitar tone as it begins to develop into the huge stadium rock of the British band's subsequent albums...
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